1. What Is the Difference Between CBD and CBG?

    What Is the Difference Between CBD and CBG?

    When it comes to popular cannabinoids from the cannabis plant, CBD and THC are the ones that always come to mind since they are considered major cannabinoids. CBD is popular for its calming effect on the mind and body, while THC is known for the psychoactive "high" that it brings. But other lesser-known cannabinoids are gaining more interest, such as CBG. Hence, it is critical to know the difference between CBD and CBG.

    Research has shown that CBD and CBG share similar characteristics - these two cannabinoids have no psychoactive effects and provide anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, analgesic, and neuroprotective properties.

    But there are specific differences too, which are something to consider when choosing which cannabinoid to use.

    What Is CBD?

    Cannabidiol, or CBD, is naturally found in high amounts in cannabis and hemp plants. Through the years, the therapeutic properties of CBD have been discovered, particularly its ability to provide relief for symptoms of pain, anxiety, and nausea.

    The sedative qualities of CBD are noted as well. It was also discovered that CBD could be used as a treatment for severe cases of childhood epilepsy.

    This compound can interact with CB1 and CBC cannabinoid receptors of the body's endocannabinoid system, influencing pain, inflammation, and even sensitivity to heat. 

    Because of this, CBD has become the cannabinoid of choice for many, especially given its non-psychoactive properties. This is its main difference from THC, which can make one anxious, paranoid, or get impaired cognitive function along with the benefits.

    What Is CBG?

    Cannabigerol, or CBG, is one of the minor cannabinoids found in cannabis plants and hemp plants. Cannabigerolic acid, or CBGA, is produced by young hemp plants. CBGA breaks down into cannabidiolic acid (CBDA) and tetrahydrocannabinolic acid (THCA) as the plant matures. These two compounds turn into CBD and THC, while the remaining CBGA

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  2. What is CBG: What You Need to Know About the "Mother of All Cannabinoids"

    What is CBG: What You Need to Know About the "Mother of All Cannabinoids"

    CBD (cannabidiol) and THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) products are undeniably the most popular cannabis products on the market. But now that science is gaining access to the other cannabinoids found in the plants. We are getting to know more about CBG, or cannabigerol, one of the minor ones.

    With dispensaries introducing CBG products to customers, it would be great to get to know more about this minor cannabinoid. It has been around for years, and humans have been enjoying its benefits for a very long time already. It is referred to as the "mother of all cannabinoids, and here you'll know why.

    What Is CBG?

    CBG is a cannabinoid extracted from the cannabis plant. What makes it the mother of them all is it being a product of the precursor to CBG, which is an "early phase" cannabinoid called CBGA. This stage is where all the cannabinoids start. 

    As the plants develop and absorb more UV light, the CBGA breaks down and transforms into CBDA and THCA, which are the acidic precursors to THC and CBD, the most popular cannabinoids now. Only a very small amount of the cannabinoids will become CBG. 

    This is why CBG is derived from young cannabis plants, which contain higher amounts of CBG than fully grown plants. When the plant develops, most of the CBG will be converted to CBD and THC, thus leaving only small amounts of CBG. 

    Because it's difficult to acquire CBG, growers use genetic manipulation and crossbreeding to make cannabis plants produce more CBG. Also, certain strains of cannabis plants have higher amounts of CBG compared to other strains. These strains are cultivated specifically to produce more CBG.

    How Does CBG Work in the Body?

    Our body has an endocannabinoid system where you can find molecules and receptors that help keep our bodies in an optimal state, no matter what's happening in the external environment. The endocannabinoid system processes the CBG. The compound imitates endocannabinoids,

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  3. Delta 8 Concentrates: What You Need to Know

    Delta 8 Concentrates: What You Need to Know

    Delta 8 THC products seem to be everywhere these days - shops sell them in different forms, from cartridges to edibles. Many of these products use Delta 8 concentrates, a type of THC extract. And because Delta 8 is considered federally legal, more and more users are trying them out or switching to these Delta 8 products.

    Naturally, there are many questions about Delta 8 concentrates - what it is, how it's made, its effects on the body, how to use it, and the products that contain them. Getting the truth about Delta 8 concentrates is necessary to determine if the products are something you want to use.

    What Is Delta 8 THC?

    Before you learn more about the concentrates, you must first understand the source. Delta 8 Tetrahydrocannabinol, or Delta 8 THC, is a minor cannabinoid found naturally in cannabis and hemp plants. 

    Using it causes a psychoactive high similar to Delta 9 THC, the traditional marijuana's counterpart active cannabinoid. Delta 8, however, has a milder and more controllable high - which is why it is federally legal, while Delta 9 is not. In the U.S., it is legal to buy and consume Delta 8 as a hemp derivative.

    The "problem" with Delta 8 THC is that even if it's a naturally-derived cannabinoid, it comes in small quantities. Its scarcity in hemp is why manufacturers have to synthesize larger volumes of Delta 8 using processes such as isomerization. It involves taking more abundant cannabinoids such as hemp-derived cannabidiol, or CBD, which is necessary to produce more Delta 8.

    This process makes it possible to create a wide variety of Delta 8 products that are abundant in the market right now. You can now find disposable vape pens, cartridges, pre-rolls, and edibles.

    What Are Concentrates?

    Think of how orange juice is made by distilling actual orange fruits. The source fiber is drawn out to get the desired part of the fruit. The same concept applies to cannabis. Removing the actual

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  4. What is HHC? What You Need to Know About This Cannabinoid

    What is HHC? What You Need to Know About This Cannabinoid

    Hemp-derived cannabinoids have become very popular in recent years, and now the search for alternatives to the conventional Delta 9 THC and CBD is in full throttle. One of the most promising lesser-known cannabinoids is hexahydrocannabinol, or HHC. If you're always on the lookout for the best products on the market, you will naturally want to know: What is HHC, and what benefits can you get from it?

    Since HHC, a naturally occurring compound, has been in the market only recently and not all retailers have it at the moment, it can be complicated to make sense of this cannabinoid. But people are already hearing about its potential. HHC is said to have effects similar to THC but with a big difference. Anecdotal evidence reveals that it doesn't appear on standard drug tests, although this part has yet to be confirmed. 

    Stability is another factor in the rising popularity of HHC among other cannabinoids - it's supposed to be super resistant to heat, oxidation, and UV light. This means your stash of HHC will last and retain its potency longer than other cannabinoids.

    What is HHC, Anyway?

    Although it was discussed by cannabis users just recently, HHC as a THC relative has already been known to science for a relatively long time. It's a minor cannabinoid found naturally in plants, but you can only find it in small amounts, making its extraction from hemp plants costly.

    Due to its trace amounts, a sophisticated method is needed to obtain a usable amount. This process involves saturating THC with hydrogen atoms with the help of high pressure and a catalyst like palladium or nickel. 

    As a result, THC's double bond chemical structure breaks and gets replaced with hydrogen molecules. Nevertheless, the effect and potency of the cannabinoid remain intact. 

    The alteration in THC's structure increases its binding affinity with the CB1 and CB2 endocannabinoid receptors and TRP pain receptors. More importantly, the

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  5. Why Use CBD Oil For Dogs?

    Why Use CBD Oil For Dogs

    With cannabis products becoming more common as a pain relief treatment among people young and old, it's not surprising that products made for animals are fast becoming popular as well. With the rising costs of veterinary care, pet owners are turning to CBD oil for dogs for natural healthcare.

    After CBD was legalized in the U.S. in 2018 for human consumption, CBD was taken out of the FDA's Schedule 1 category. Under the 2018 Farm Act, CBD was no longer considered a controlled substance. Shortly after, the rage for CBD for dogs started.

    Since both humans and dogs have cannabinoid receptors in their bodies, it was established that CBD could also be used for dogs. It became a popular treatment for various health conditions, including pain, inflammation, arthritis, anxiety, and seizures. 

    But before you order a bunch of CBD oils for your dog, it's best to know all you can about it to make an informed choice about whether to let your dog use it and become aware of both benefits and risks involved.

    What Is CBD Oil?

    It's important to get to know the source product itself. Cannabidiol (CBD) is a phytocannabinoid, a chemical compound naturally found in cannabis and hemp. CBD is just one of more than a hundred cannabinoids derived from the cannabis plant.

    In most cases, CBD oil does not have Delta 9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the compound responsible for the psychoactive properties of marijuana. Therefore, it's considered a non-psychoactive product. Also, most CBD products are sourced from hemp and not from the marijuana plant.

    In terms of metabolic pathways, CBD is similar to a class of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as Ibuprofen and Rimadyl. 

    Introduce your dog to the life-changing benefits of CBD with Apotheca CBD For Pets.

    What Are the Benefits of CBD Oil for Dogs?

    Both humans and dogs can enjoy

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  6. Indoor - Grown Hemp Vs. Outdoor - Grown Hemp - What Are The Pros and Cons?

    Indoor - Grown Hemp Vs. Outdoor-Grown Hemp - What Are The Pros and Cons?

    When talking about growing crops, the first thing that usually comes to mind is a farm. When it comes to hemp, farmers traditionally grow them outdoors. But with the rising demand for CBD products, farmers have to keep up, and thus they have to grow their plants indoors to increase yield. The debate over indoor-grown hemp vs. outdoor-grown hemp has been around since.

    There was a time when the standard quality for CBD was growing buds outdoors. With the emergence of modern technology, the same quality can be achieved by growing plants indoors. Both methods have their respective strengths and weaknesses, given their unique factors. 

    Bud structure, yield, potency, terpene, and cannabinoid production are just some factors affected by the growing environment. It's essential to understand the advantages and disadvantages of both methods so that you can make an informed choice as a grower or a user.

    What is The Best Way to Grow Hemp?

    Hemp can grow in practically any environment, but you need to pamper this plant to achieve the best results. You need to think about the following in building the ideal environment to cultivate your hemp:

    • Exposure to light
    • Watering methods
    • Access to nutrients
    • Temperatures (both daytime and nighttime)
    • Exposure to environmental contaminants
    • Presence of pests
    • Harvesting methods

    If you're growing outdoors, it's difficult, even impossible, to control these factors. Your plants will be at the mercy of natural cycles and agricultural operations in the surrounding areas. These can ruin all your crops or the quality of your outdoor-grown buds.

    You must cultivate your hemp with utmost care for the best results. It is essential that you choose a method that will allow you to control these cultivation factors as much

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  7. Full-Spectrum vs. Broad-Spectrum CBD: Know the Difference

    Full-Spectrum vs. Broad-Spectrum CBD: Know the Difference

    Check out the CBD tinctures available in dispensaries and online stores, and you will likely see that it comes with product description tables. You can have everything you need to know about an item based on the details given on the table. But if you're a newbie in everything CBD-related, you may need more help in knowing the differences between a full-spectrum and broad-spectrum CBD.

    Even avid consumers can get confused defining common terms such as "full-spectrum," "broad-spectrum," and "isolates." You need to understand these terms fully to find the best CBD product for your needs.

    CBD oil can give you that warm, peaceful, and comfortable feeling that cannabidiol is known for. There are plentiful options to choose from when it comes to CBD products, from the different formulas to the methods of consuming them.

    Understanding the Three Formulas of CBD

    It's not just about knowing full-spectrum vs. broad-spectrum CBD; it's also about getting to know the third formula, which is the isolate. Here's the lowdown on three different formulas of CBD:

    Full-spectrum CBD

    Tinctures made of full-spectrum CBD contain all the psycho-nutrients extracted from the hemp plant. The most prominent molecule in hemp is CBD, but there are more than 100 other cannabinoids in the plant.

    These cannabinoids, also called phytocannabinoids, are referred to as such to differentiate them from endocannabinoids found in the human body.

    Aside from the phytocannabinoids, the hemp plant also has other compounds, which are flavonoids and terpenes. These three compound varieties are found in the highest concentrations in female hemp plants, specifically in the unfertilized flowers. 

    Regarding cannabinoids, some of the most well-known ones include CBD, THC, CBN, and CBG. You can only find these compounds in cannabis plants, which interact with the human body's endocannabinoids.

    On the other hand, terpenes are not unique

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  8. What is THC and How It Affects You

    What is THC and How It Affects You

    Marijuana smokers are all familiar with the cerebral buzz that comes from inhaling from a well-packed bowl, which can be attributed to the THC content of cannabis. But not all smokers know what THC actually is - they are just familiar with its effects. So what is THC? This is something you should know as a responsible cannabis consumer.

    At the very least, it helps to know how THC was discovered and how it affects your brain and body. And with that, you should also know the common methods of consuming it and how its potency can affect your cannabis experience.

    THC: The Basics

    Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol or THC is a chemical secreted by the glands of the cannabis plant. Within the reproductive organs, as well as in the resin glands of the bud or flower of the female marijuana plant, can be found high doses of THC. 

    THC is the primary psychoactive ingredient of the cannabis plant, even though it's just one of the plant's 85 plus chemical compounds (known as cannabinoids). This means THC is mostly the one responsible for the cerebral high you get when you smoke marijuana.

    This cannabinoid serves to keep predators away from marijuana plants, as it repels bacteria, viruses, and parasites. Such antibacterial properties are not applicable to humans, although there’s one non-psychoactive compound called CBG (cannabigerol) that does. So this is why the primary use of THC to humans is to get high.

    How THC Was Discovered

    It was Bulgarian-born chemist Rafael Mechoulam who first discovered THC during the 1960s. He is now regarded as the godfather of cannabinoid research.

    As he was studying the properties of marijuana, Mechoulam was trying to figure out how to get a large quantity of marijuana legally. He ended up getting his fix from his friends in the police, obtaining five kilos of hash, It was this scientific hash that Mechoulam used to discover groundbreaking findings.

    He was also the first

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  9. What Are The Hybrid Strains

    What Are The Hybrid Strains

    Hybrid cannabis strains mix the two other main strains, Indica and Sativa. Hybrids contain the traits of two or more cultivars, which result in the creation of one super-charged strain. A hybrid's combined characteristics will depend on its parent strains' genetic lineage. 

    Unlike what many people think, most cannabis today are not pure Indica or Sativa - they are primarily hybrids that are either Indica-dominant or Sativa-dominant. The original cannabis strains, also known as landrace strains that retain their native traits, have become quite rare with all the crossbreeding going on in the market today.

    And because many cannabis plants today are more modern cultivars rather than landrace strains, they can be short with thin leaves or tall with bushier leaves. These are mixed characteristics of the main traits of either Indica or Sativa.

    Kinds of Hybrid Cannabis Strains

    Hybrid strains can be classified into four types:

    • Sativa x Sativa - a combination of two different Sativa varieties
    • Sativa x Indica - has Sativa-dominant characteristics, although it has traits of both cannabis varieties. One example is a tall plant with purple buds.
    • Indica x Indica - a combination of two different Indica varieties
    • Indica x Sativa - Indica-dominant but has characteristics of both strains.

    How Cannabis Strains Are Bred

    The same basic process is involved in breeding new cannabis strains. In a natural setting, a female plant is pollinated with male pollen. But breeders carry out selective breeding in a controlled environment to create a hybrid plant. This involves picking out the female plant and male pollen that will be combined to produce a particular trait or a set of them.

    The seeds that will be germinated will become the first generation of hybrids of the male and female parents. Plants that have the desired

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  10. A Guide to Sativa And Difference From Indica Strain

    A Guide to Sativa And Difference From Indica Strain

    A lot of people think that cannabis only has one type of effect on users, which is the sleepy, perfect for relaxation kind. But that effect is the result of just one strain, and other strains can have the opposite effect - a good burst of euphoria that can unleash your energy and creativity. This is what the Sativa cannabis strain is known for.

    Sativa strains possess the generic traits of cannabis that came from areas with warm, humid climates. Compared to Indica, that other popular strain, the Sativa plant grows taller and has narrower leaves. The plant needs to stretch to increase the airflow between its flowers, thus making the humidity and temperature necessary.

    What is Sativa Cannabis?

    Sativa is one of the three main categories of cannabis, with Indica and Hybrid as the other two. Sativa is known for being the most uplifting of the three. Sativa plants thrive best in warm weather and are popular in countries such as Columbia, Mexico, and Southeast Asia.

    Since indoor growing of cannabis has become easier, you can now grow Sativa cannabis even in non-tropical climates. Sativa strains usually have fruity, peppery, and piney notes in terms of smell and taste. This will partially depend on the strain's terpenes profile. 

    Sativa plants are also taller than Indica plants, with narrower leaves. Because of their suitability for warmer climates, Sativa plants have a longer growing season, which means they have longer flowering cycles.

    What Are the Effects of Sativa Cannabis?

    Sativa strains are typically stereotyped as having euphoric, uplifting qualities, which make them ideal for those who want relief from depression, those who want to regulate their moods, and those who wish to enhance their creativity. 

    Lately, growers have begun classifying cultivars into several chemotypes, depending on whether they are THC or CBD-dominant, among others. Growers admit that more nuance is needed aside from the

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